Khande di Pahul (Amrit ceremony) was initiated in the times of Sahib Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji when Khalsa was inaugurated at Sri Anandpur Sahib on the day of Baisakhi in 1699. The beloved Panj Pyare Bhai DayaSingh Ji, Bhai Mukham Singh Ji, Bhai Sahib Singh Ji, Bhai Dharam Singh Ji and Bhai Himmat Singh Ji were the first to receive Amrit and they later gave Amrit to Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Sikh men were then given the name "Singh" meaning "lion" and the women received the last name "Kaur" meaning "princess.
A Sarb Loh (Iron or steel) cauldron (Bata or bowl) is filled with clean water. Some Patashas (sugar crystals/plums) are poured into the water. The Five Beloveds then sit in Vir Asan ( seated on the ground with left knee down and the right knee up) around the cauldron.
The mixture of Amrit is stirred with a Khanda while the Panj Pyares recite path of five Banis (Japji Sahib, Jaap Sahib, Sawayae, Chaupai Sahib andAnand Sahib) .
The various ingredients and the aids to the preparation of this Holy Nectar are symbolic of a few things that are held in the highest regards by theKhalsa. The "Sarb Loh Bata" (Iron cauldron) signifies the strength of heart and mind. The chanting of hymns signify strong faith and cohesion in the devotees. The Khanda (the two-edged sword) signifies a spirit of valor and bravery.
Five handfuls of Amrit are given for drinking, five handfuls are sprinkled over the hair and another five are sprinkled into the eyes of each of the devotee who offer to be initiated.